Open Access in 60 Seconds

Video about Open Access. (CC BY 3.0 DE)
Source: Brinken, H., Hauss, J. &  Rücknagel, J. (2021). Open Access in 60 seconds,

Financing of Open Access Articles. [german] (CC BY 3.0 DE)
Source: Brinken, H. (2020). Finanzierung von Open-Access-Artikeln,

Open Access in German Studies

In German studies, a trend towards greater openness and acceptance of open access can be observed. In this respect, the discipline resembles other philologies, for example comparative literarature where similar developments are taking place. Nonetheless, the fixation on print is still dominant in German studies, and the publisher–academic reputation nexus remains close. Besides concerns about scholarly quality, prejudices towards open access relate also to the long-term availability of research contributions published exclusively online. Bibliometric indicators, such as the Journal Impact Factor and citation rates, play hardly any role in publishing practice in German studies.

The business models of many publishing houses with a humanities focus are in a state of flux, not least because of the open access policies of the major national funding agencies. Prestigious publishers now enable and promote gold open access, and are also (more) open to green open access. At the same time, there are an increasing number of institutional offerings to promote open access monographs and edited collections (e.g., open access publication funds; payment of publication charges from third-party funds; the German Research Foundation’s (DFG) Publication Grants Programme). These developments result in more works being published open access. In addition, more and more researchers are availing of the possibility of self-archiving their publications in the repositories of their university libraries or research institutions or in central disciplinary repositories, such as GiNDok. This development can be expected to continue slowly but surely.

The German Association of Germanists (Deutscher Germanistenverband, DGV) has yet to adopt a clear position on open access. However, the association has established two working groups (“Digitales in Forschung und Lehre / Digitality in Research and Teaching” and “Germanistik im digitalen Zeitalter / German Studies in the Digital Age”) that are dealing with the topic of digitalisation and the changing work, teaching, and research practices in the discipline. Engagement with open access publishing plays an important role in this regard. 

Those responsible for the Institut für Textkritik (Institute for Textual Criticism) frequently express criticism of open access.

Open Access Books

As of July 2021, the Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) listed 89 titles under "German literature", 176 titles under "German language", 19 titles under "German linguistics", and 131 titles under “German studies”.

German-studies-related books published under a diamond open access model – that is, published open access without charging book processing charges (BPCs) – can also be found under “German Studies” on the Open Book Publishers website.

Disciplinary Repositories

The most important repositories in the field of German studies include GiNDok, which is operated by the Specialised Information Service (FID) German Studies and is part of the Virtual Library of German Studies – Germanistik im Netz (GiN), and the Publication Server of the Leibniz Institute for German Language (IDS):

The IDS Publication Server holds mainly publications from the area of German linguistics. GiNDok is used by individual researchers, publishers, institutions, and projects as a platform for publishing and self-archiving works from all sub-disciplines of German studies and for almost all text genres. The Specialised Information Service (FID) German Studies also offers an e-journal hosting service based on the software application Open Journal Systems (OJS). 

The following repositories of neighbouring disciplines are also of importance for German studies:

An overview of relevant repositories in the area of “Language and Literature” is provided by the Open Directory of Open Access Repositories (OpenDOAR).

Source: Brehm, E. (2021). Zweitveröffentlichungsrecht für Wissenschaftler*innen [german], Brinken, Helene. (CC BY 3.0 DE)

Other Offerings

The Specialised Information Service (FID) German Studies has published a series of German-language tutorials that provide information on, among other things, the benefits of open access publishing, as well as listing in a compact and understandable way relevant practical information on topics such as long-term archiving or the citation of digital publications.

The online archives JSTOR and Project MUSE now also provide open access content relevant to german studies.

Further Reading

Content editor of this page: Dr Volker Michel, Specialised Information Service (FID) German Studies (Last updated: July 2021)