Vocational Education and Training Research

Open Access in 60 Seconds

Video about Open Access. (CC BY 3.0 DE)
Source: Brinken, H., Hauss, J. &  Rücknagel, J. (2021). Open Access in 60 seconds, open-access.network. https://doi.org/10.5446/50832

Financing of Open Access Articles. [german] (CC BY 3.0 DE)
Source: Brinken, H. (2020). Finanzierung von Open-Access-Artikeln, open-access.network. https://doi.org/10.5446/49536

Open Access in vocational education and training (VET) research

The term vocational education and training (VET) research covers research works that deal with vocational learning, VET institutions and systems, vocatio­nal and labour market development, the learning-conducive design of work pro­cesses, and skills development. The disciplines that contribute to VET research include, in particular:

Scholarly works in VET research are therefore characterised by multi-disciplinarity.

Articles in scholarly journals are the most frequent form of publication in VET research. Journal articles account for over half of the works indexed in the VET Repository, a disciplinary repository for VET research operated by the German Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB; Linten & Woll, 2019). However, the share of monographs has increased in recent years. This is probably due to the open access publishing strategy. The number of mono­graphs that are freely available in full-text form on the Internet has increased strongly, while printed books, the classical form of publication, are experiencing a gradual decline (Linten & Woll, 2019). Overall, a trend towards open access is discernible in the field of VET research. Traditional journals are increasingly being replaced by purely open access journals, such as Berufs- und Wirtschafts­pädagogik – online (bwp@) and Zeitschrift für Weiterbildungsforschung. This is especially true of traditional journals that do not provide green open access to their issues after an embargo period. Nonetheless, it must be noted that the journals market in the field of VET research is still dominated by print journals (Linten et al., 2019). 

The German Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) is dealing with the topic of open access within the framework of the research pro­ject Open Access in Vocational Education and Training Research in Germany (OABBF). The project is investigating inter alia the factors that play a role in the acceptance, dissemination, and use of open access by authors in VET research.

Open Access Books

As of November 2021, the Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) listed 85 titles under the keyword vocational training. Under the same keyword, OAPEN (Open Access Publishing in European Networks) listed 4301 titles.

As of November 2021, the Literature Search at the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) made 3,909 books available as full texts​​​​​​​. The number of monographs that are freely available online as full texts has increased strongly in recent years.

Disciplinary Repositories

The most important repositories with contributions from VET research include: 

A special role is played by the VET Repository, which was launched by BIBB in 2019 as a disciplinary repository for VET research. In addition to monographs and edited volumes, it contains journal articles and contributions to edited volumes. The references to online publications are linked to the respective full texts. 

The Open Directory of Open Access Repositories (OpenDOAR) provides an overview of relevant repositories.

Source: Brehm, E. (2021). Zweitveröffentlichungsrecht für Wissenschaftler*innen [german], open-access.network. Brinken, Helene. https://doi.org/10.5446/51789 (CC BY 3.0 DE)

References

Further Reading

Content editor of this page: Dr. Bodo Rödel, Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (last updated: November 2021)